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:: Volume 6, Number 1 (1-2017) ::
3 2017, 6(1): 88-93 Back to browse issues page
The Effect of Ondansetron and Dexamethasone on Nausea and Vomiting under Spinal Anesthesia
Navid Kalani, Hasan Zabetian , Mohammad Sadegh Sanie, Mansour Deylami, Mohammad Radmehr, Reza Sahraei, Hossein Kargar Jahromi, Wesam Kooti
Department of Anesthesiology, Jahrom University of Medical Sciences, Jahrom, Iran
Abstract:   (550 Views)

BACKGROUND

During abdominal surgery under regional anesthesia, nausea may happen due to several contributing factors. This study compared the effects of ondansetron and dexamethasone on nausea and vomiting under spinal anesthesia.

METHODS

One hundred and twenty patients of 15 to 35 years old with ASA class I and II were enrolled. Before administering either ondansetron or dexamethasone, blood pressure and heart rate of the patients were recorded. The patients received 70 mg of 5% lidocaine for spinal anesthesia. Patients who received 6 mg of ondansetron were considered as group A, while group B received 8 mg of dexamethasone. The level of nausea and vomiting, blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate of each patient was measured at 1, 5, 10, 15 and 30 minutes after spinal anesthesia and during recovery (every 5 minutes).

RESULTS

There was a significant difference between nausea and vomiting between the two groups after spinal anesthesia within the first and fifth minutes. There was no significant difference between nausea and vomiting between the two groups within 10, 15 and 30 minutes and during recovery at 5, 10, 15 and 30 minutes.

CONCLUSION

Dexamethasone and ondansetron were shown to equally reduce the incidence of nausea and vomiting under spinal anesthesia and can be recommended as a good choice for prevention of nausea and vomiting during surgeries.

Keywords: Ondansetron, Dexamethasone, Nausea, Vomiting, Surgery, Spinal anesthesia
Full-Text [PDF 245 kb]   (490 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Short Communication | Subject: General
Received: 2016/12/25 | Accepted: 2016/12/25 | Published: 2016/12/25
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Kalani N, Zabetian H, Sanie M S, Deylami M, Radmehr M, Sahraei R, et al . The Effect of Ondansetron and Dexamethasone on Nausea and Vomiting under Spinal Anesthesia. 3. 2017; 6 (1) :88-93
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-307-en.html
Volume 6, Number 1 (1-2017) Back to browse issues page
مجله جهانی جراحی پلاستیک World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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