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wjps 2015, 4(1): 9-15 Back to browse issues page
Burn Wound Infections and Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan
Muhammad Saaiq , Shehzad Ahmad , Muhammad Salman Zaib
MBBS, FCPS
Abstract:   (3131 Views)
BACKGROND Burn wound infections carry considerable mortality and morbidity amongst burn injury victims who have been successfully rescued through the initial resuscitation. This study assessed the prevalent microrganisms causing burn wound infections among hospitalized patients their susceptibility pattern to commonly used antibiotics and the frequency of infections with respect to the duration of the burn wounds. METHODS This study was carried out at Burn Care Centre, Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS), Islamabad, Pakistan over a period of two years (i.e. from June 2010 to May 2012). The study included all wound-culture-positive patients of either gender and all ages, who had sustained deep burns and underwent definitive management with wound excisions and skin auto-grafting. Patients with negative cultures of the wounds were excluded. Tissue specimens for culture and sensitivity were collected from burn wounds using standard collection techniques and analyzed at microbiological laboratory. RESULTS Out of a total of 95 positive microbial growths, 36 were Pseudomonas aeruginosa (35.29%) as the most frequent isolate found, followed by 21 Klebsiella pneumoniae (20.58%), 19 Staphylococcus aureaus (18.62%), 10 Proteus (9.80%), 7 E. coli (6.86%), 7 Acinetobacter (6.86%), and 4 Candida (3.92%). A variable antibiotic susceptibility pattern was observed among the grown microbes. Positive cultures were significantly more frequent among patients with over two weeks duration of burn wounds. CONCLUSION P. aeruginosa, K. pneumoniae and S. aureus constituted the most common bacterial microbes of burn wounds in our in-patients cases. Positive cultures were more frequent among patients with over two weeks duration of burn wounds. Early excision and skin grafting of deep burns and adherence to infection control measures can help to effectively reduce the burden of these infections.
Keywords: Burn, Infection, Antibiotic sensitivity, Pakistan
Full-Text [PDF 651 kb]   (1171 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2014/11/7 | Accepted: 2014/11/16 | Published: 2014/11/16
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Saaiq M, Ahmad S, Salman Zaib M. Burn Wound Infections and Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan. wjps. 2015; 4 (1) :9-15
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-127-en.html


Volume 4, Issue 1 (1-2015) Back to browse issues page
مجله جهانی جراحی پلاستیک World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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