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:: Instructions to authors ::


(WJPS: pISSN: 2228-7914; eISSN: 2252-0724) 

    Instructions to authors 

Aims and Scope

World Journal of Plastic Surgery (WJPS) aims to publish the highest quality material, both clinical and scientific and has been continuously published since 2012, as the only Journal in Iran on all aspects of aesthetic, reconstructive and plastic surgery and aesthetic medicine with wide distribution in just English language. It includes articles related to research findings, technical evaluations, and reviews. In addition it provides a forum for the exchange of information on all aspects of aesthetic, reconstructive and plastic surgery  and aesthetic Medicine, also educational issues.

The WJPS is an international, English language, peer-reviewed journal concerned with  aesthetic, reconstructive and plastic surgery and aesthetic medicine. It is a biannual publication of Iran Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons. Papers submitted to this journal which do not adhere to the Instructions for Authors will be returned for appropriate revision to be in line with the Instructions for Authors. They may then be re-submitted. WJPS wishes that the journal can assist the promotion of the level of global knowledge. The main topics that WJPS would welcome are: Aesthetic, Reconstructive and Plastic Surgery; Regenerative Medicine; Bioethics, Health issues, Epidemiology, Immunology, Medical Genetics, Microbiology and Nutrition in relation to Aesthetic  Medicine. 

Submitted manuscript, should embrace the following criteria: 

Content should not be related to local issues but preferably with critical national or global items. Having innovative and creative outcome.  Methods should preferably be advanced and reproducible.  WJPS accepts manuscripts written in American English. 

Categories of articles:

Original papers. They include randomized controlled trials, intervention studies, studies of screening and diagnostic test and

methodological outcome studies . The text of original articles should be limited to 3500 words (excluding Abstract, References and

Tables) should include: Title; the Ab­stract; Introduction; Ma­terials & Methods; Results; Discussion; Ac­knowl­edge­ment; References; Tables

and Figures. The Abstract section should not be more than 250 words.

Short Communication papers. They should be brief reports of research works containing new findings, which should be limited to

2500 words from introduction through references. The Short Communication consists of Abstract, Introduction, Materials & Methods,

Results, Discussion, Acknowledgement, References, Tables and Figures. The Abstract section should not exceed 250 words.

Review papers. This journal publishes a limited number of scholarly, comprehensive reviews whose aims are to summarize and critically

evaluate research in the field addressed and identify future implications. Reviews should not exceed 5000 words excluding up to 90 

references, and up to 6 tables and/or figures with a total count of 250 words in Abstract section.

They should be written by authors considered experts on the subject. Therefore the corresponding author of the review article must be

one of the authors of at least three articles presented in Reference section. Systematic reviews and meta-analysis are more welcomed and

they should respectively follow the PRISMA (http://www.prisma-statement.org/) and MOOSE guidelines (http://www.consort- 


Letter to editor. Clinical studies based on either normal subjects or patients and should be limited to 1000 words, 10 references and 2 figures and/or tables. Letters could be of two types, either commenting on recently published articles or reporting cases, or original research. The former must be received within 2 months of publication of the article to which they refer. They should not be divided into sections.

Case series/reports: It is the editorial policy to accept it and should be limited to 2500 words. Case reports are accepted provided they are of exceptional interest for readers. The case report consists of an unstructured Abstract, Introduction, Case Report, Discussion, Acknowledgements and References. Case reports must not exceed 15 references and reasonable amount of tables and/or figures.

Pre-clinical papers. The results of pre-clinical research will be considered for publication provided they have an obvious clinical  


Editorials. All editorials should be limited to 1000 words and 10 references. Guest Editorial is solicited by the Editorial Board. National Reports or similar cases are accepted based on confirmation by Editorial Board.

Current opinion. Papers in this section will provide our readers with focused coverage of topical issues in esthetic Medicine and Surgery and related disciplines which are of high current interest and potential.

Correspondence. They must not exceed 500 words and should focus on a specific article. Authors will receive pre-publication proofs, and the authors of the article cited will be invited to reply.

Clinical vignettes. This category is intended for striking, illustrative, or rare clinical images, tomographs, x-rays or pathology specimens.

Images in this category may be published on the cover of the journal and should be submitted as one figure, with separate lettered panels

if required. The complete image should also have an Aspect Ratio 1:1. The image should be submitted with the names of no more than

three authors and the clinical message contained in the picture should be amplified in a 250 word description (no references) which will be

included with the image. Please also include a short title with the submission. Normal publication charges apply to this category.

Hypothesis, Ideas and Innovations. It includes on all aspects of aesthetic, reconstructive and plastic surgery and aesthetic medicine.

Submission of manuscripts

The WJPS uses a web-based submission and review system at http://www.wjps.ir. Once you have prepared your manuscript according to the instructions, please go to the online submission system. First-time users must click "Register" on the navigation menu at the top of the screen. The system will accept automatically your user name and password.Online submission facilitates the submission of manuscripts from authors and streamlines the reviewing and publication process. Authors may send queries concerning the submission process to dramanafi@yahoo.com or dramanafi@wjps.ir too. For enquiries about the review process and journal procedures, the editorial office can be contacted at dramanafi@wjps.ir. As a matter of policy, the status of documents will not be discussed by telephone.

Papers submitted for publica­tion in WJPS should describe original work, not previ­ously published else­where, totally or partly. Manuscripts must be submitted only in American English and should be written according to sound grammar and proper terminol­ogy. Manuscript must be accompanied by a cover­ing let­ter to the Editor-in-Chief, in­cluding title and au­thor(s) name and under­taking that it has not been pub­lished or sub­mitted elsewhere and all authors declare their satisfaction for submission to WJPS. Abbreviations of standard SI units of measurement only should be used. The authors should state that their study complies with the Declaration of Helsinki, that the locally appointed ethics committee has approved the research protocol and that informed consent has been obtained from the subjects (or their guardians). If the authors have the article prepared using EndNote, we prefer to receive it.

Preparation of manuscripts. Sections of the manuscript should be divided into the following sections: (1) Title page, (2) Abstract and Keywords, (3) Introduction, (4) Materials and Methods, (5) Results, (6) Discussion, (7) Acknowledgements, (8) References, (9) Tables, (10) Figures.

General format. Prepare your manuscript text using a Word processing package (save in .doc or .rtf format). Submissions of text in the form of PDF files are not permitted. Manuscripts should be double-spaced, including text, tables, legends and references. Please avoid footnotes; use instead, and as sparingly as possible, parenthesis within brackets. Type unjustified, without hyphenation, except for compound words. Type headings in the style of the journal. Where possible use Times New Roman for the text font and Symbol for the Greek and special characters. Use the word processing formatting features to indicate Bold, Italic, Greek, Maths, Superscript and Subscript characters. Clearly identify unusual symbols and Greek letters. Differentiate between the letter O and zero, and the letters I and l and the number 1. Mark the approximate position of each figure and table. Check the final copy of your paper carefully, as any spelling mistakes and errors may be translated into the typeset version. The same data should not be presented in tables, fig­ures and text, simultaneously.  

Title page. The title page should include the following: (1) The title, (2) The name(s) of authors, (3) The institution(s) where work was performed, (4) The name, position, department, address, telephone number, fax number and e-mail address of the corresponding author. 

Abstract. All abstracts may not contain more than 250 words. The abstract should be formatted with the following heading: (1) Background, (2) Methods (3) Results, (4) Conclusion.

Keywords. A maximum of six keywords may be submitted.

Figures: The review process will not begin until all figures are received. Figures should be limited to the number necessary for clarity and must not duplicate data given in tables or in the text. They must be suitable for high quality reproduction and should be submitted in the desired final printed size so that reduction can be avoided. Figures should be no larger than 125 (height) x 180 (width) mm (5 x 7 inches) and should be submitted in a separate file from that of the manuscript. Electronic submission of figures. Figures should be saved in TIFF or jpg format at a resolution of at least 300 pixels per inch at the final printed size for colour figures and photographs, and 1200 pixels per inch for black and white line drawings. Although some other formats can be translated into TIFF format by the publisher, the conversion may alter the tones, resolution and contrast of the image. Digital colour art should be submitted in CMYK rather than RGB format, as the printing process requires colours to be separated into CMYK and this conversion can alter the intensity and brightness of colours. Therefore authors should be satisfied with the colours in CMYK (both on screen and when printed) before submission. Please also keep in mind that colours can appear differently on different screens and printers. Figures should be in limited numbers, with high quality art work and mounted on separate pages. The cap­tions should be placed below. Photographs should be of sufficiently high quality with respect to detail, contrast and fineness of grain to withstand the inevitable loss of contrast and detail inherent in the printing process. Please indicate the magnification by a rule on the photograph. There is no charge for the inclusion of colour figures. Colour figures can be uploaded as online Supplementary data at no charge. Figure legends should be on a separate, numbered manuscript sheet grouped under the heading "Legends" on a separate sheet of the manuscript after the References. Define all symbols and abbreviations used in the figure. Common abbreviations and others in the preceding text should not be redefined in the legend.

Line drawings. Please provide these as clear, sharp illustrations, suitable for reproduction as submitted. All labelling should be on the original. Faint and grey shading or stippling will be lost upon reproduction and should be avoided. Where various shadings are used within one figure please ensure that it is easy to differentiate between them, using standard shadings (see the hard copy of the journal for examples). There should be sufficient white space between lines and dots to ensure the areas will not fill in and look grey. If stippling is used, this should be made up of clear black dots with visible white space between them. Ensure that the size of the lettering is in proportion with the overall dimensions of the drawing. Ideally, the drawings should be submitted in the desired final printed size to avoid reduction. If submitting line drawings which require reduction, please check that the lettering will be clearly legible after the drawing has been reduced to the size at which it will be printed. After reduction, letters should not be smaller than 2 mm in height.

Tables. Tables should be typed with double spacing, but minimising redundant space, and each should be placed on a separate sheet. Tables should be submitted, wherever possible, in a portrait, as opposed to landscape, layout. Each Table should be numbered in sequence using Arabic numerals. Tables should also have a title above and an explanatory footnote below. Tables in limited numbers should be sub­mitted with the captions placed above. Do not submit tables as pho­tograph. Place explanatory matters in footnotes, not in the heading. 

Acknowledgements. All sources of funding and support, and substantive contributions of individuals, should be noted in the Acknowledgements, positioned before the conflict of interest statement as should all the institutional affiliations of the authors (including corporate appointments).

Conflict of interest. Submitting a manu­script must be accompanied with a statement from the authors dis­closing all financial and personnel rela­tionship that might bias their work, if any. Besides, they are requested to evi­dent whether impending conflicts do or do not exist. A sepa­rate page should cover this proc­lamation and if there are further de­tails, could be mentioned in covering letter. If an organiza­tion encompasses any financial in­terest in the outcome of the study, the authors are ap­pealed to provide a declaration that have full access to all the data in the study and take complete re­sponsi­bil­ity for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analysis. If no Conflict of Interest is declared, this will be stated in the article using the following wording. Conflict of Interest: None declared. It is a condition of publication that a statement declaring any conflict of interest is included in the manuscript on first submission. Failure to insert a statement for all authors will delay the review process.

Reference. References should be identified in the text by Arabic numerals and numbered in the order cited. All references should be compiled at the end of the article in the Vancouver style. Complete information should be given for each Reference including the authors, title of the article, abbreviated journal title, year, volume, no and page numbers. All authors should be listed. Personal communications, manuscripts in preparation and other unpublished data should not be cited in the reference list but may be mentioned in parentheses in the text. Authors should get permission from the source to cite unpublished data. Titles of journals should be abbreviated in accordance with Index Medicus (see list printed annually in the January issue of Index Medicus). If a journal is not listed in Index Medicus then its name should be written out in full. References in limited numbers and up-to-dated should be numbered consecutively as they occur in the text (number as superscript).

The refer­ences should ob­serve the following style:

Article. 1. Afhami MR, Hasanzadeh P, Panahi JR. Evaluation the facility of endotracheal intubation with propofol and alfentanyl without muscle relaxants in elderly patients. MJIRC 2006;8:15-20.

Book. 2. Nichols WW, O'Rourke MF. Aging, high blood pressure and disease in humans. In: Arnold E, ed. McDonald's Blood Flow in Arteries: Theoretical, Experimental and Clinical Principles. 3rd ed. London/Melbourne/Auckland: Lea and Febiger; 1990; pp. 398-420.

Webpage. 3. Panteghini M. Recommendations on use of biochemical markers in acute coronary syndrome: IFCC proposals. eJIFCC 14. http://www.ifcc.org/ejifcc/vol14no2/1402062003014n.htm (28 May 2004) where the date in parenthesis refers to the access date.

Thesis. Mehrabani D. Leishmaniasis in wild rodents in Fars Province, southern Iran [PhD thesis]. Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Iran; 2008.

Abbreviations and symbols. Please use only stan­dard abbre­viations. Avoid using them in the title and ab­stract. The full term for which an abbre­viation stands should precede its first use in the text unless it is a stan­dard unit of meas­urement.

Clinical Trial Registry. Reports of randomized clinical trials should present information on all major study elements, including the protocol, assignment of interventions (methods allocation to treatment groups), and the method of masking (blinding), based on the CONSORT Statement (http://www.consort-statement.org). Iranian articles for this sort should be registered first via (www.irct.ir/‎) because no RCT articles are accepted unless it contains the official registered code. Registration in the following trial registers is acceptable as well: http://www.actr.org.au. http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. http://isrctn.org. http://www.trialregister.nl/trialreg/index.asp. http://www.umin.ac.jp/ctr.

 Authorship Criteria. Authorship credit should be based only on substantial contributions to each of the three components mentioned below:

(i). Concept and design of study or acquisition of data or analysis and interpretation of data; (ii). Drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content; (iii). Final approval of the version to be published; and (iv). Willingness to assume responsibility of the study.

 Participation solely in the acquisition of funding or the collection of data does not justify authorship. General supervision of the research group is not sufficient contributor should have participated sufficiently in the work to take public responsibility for appropriate portions of the content of the manuscript.

Ethics. The relevant Eth­ics Commit­tee/institution review boards of the respec­tive in­stitutions must approve the study. The study itself should follow the ethical standards of the Helsinki Declaration, as revised in 2013 (available at http://www.wma.net/en/30publications/10policies/b3/). Ensure confidentiality of subjects by desisting from mentioning participants’ names, initials or hospital numbers, especially reporting experiments on animals, indicate whether the institution’s or a national research council’s guide for, or any national law on the care and use Evidence for approval by a local Ethics Committee (for both human as well as animal studies) must be supplied by the authors on demand. IJPH will not consider any paper which is ethically unacceptable. The related items should be inserted under the ‘Materials and Methods’ section.

Protection of Patients' Rights to Privacy. Informed consent from the participants and from the parents or legal guardians of minors should be taken and stated in the study under the ‘Materials and Methods’ section. Authors should remove patients' names from figures. Any data leading to direct recognize of the patient, strictly should be omitted.

Misconducts. WJPS follows its Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors of COPE. Plagiarism of text from a previously published manuscript by the same or another author is a serious publication offence. Small amounts of text may be used, but only where the source of the material quoted is clearly acknowledged and the text is inserted in quotation mark. If there is an allegation of plagiarism, scientific misconduct or fraud, WJPS will follow the recommendations of the COPE and ICMJE. The Journal reserves the right to report the allegations to the author’s institution or any other agency.

Supplementary data. Supporting material that is not essential for inclusion in the full text of the manuscript, but would nevertheless benefit the reader, can be made available by the publisher as online-only content, linked to the online manuscript. The material should not be essential to understanding the conclusions of the paper, but should contain data that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content. Such information might include more detailed methods, extended data sets/data analysis, list of Investigators, or colour/additional figures. All text and figures must be provided in suitable electronic formats (instructions for the preparation of Supplementary data can be viewed here). All material to be considered as Supplementary data must be submitted at the same time as the main manuscript for peer review. It cannot be altered or replaced after the paper has been accepted for publication. Please indicate clearly the material intended as Supplementary data upon submission. Also ensure that the Supplementary data is referred to in the main manuscript where necessary.

Statistics. All manuscripts selected for publication will be reviewed for the appropriateness and accuracy of the statistical methods used and the interpretation of statistical results. All papers submitted should provide in their Methods section a subsection detailing the statistical methods, including the specific method used to summarize the data, the methods used to test their hypothesis testing and (if any) the level of significance used for hypothesis testing.

Peer Review Process. WJPS is a peer reviewed journal. All manu­scripts will be acknowledged upon pre­senting to the jour­nal office, provided that all stated requirements are met. According to the policy of peer review in our journal, a large extent of manuscripts are rejected through an in-house evaluation process based on a category of criteria including over flow of manuscripts, out of scope cases, poor outcome, local studies, clinical contents etc. This process takes no more than two weeks and the author(s) will be informed of the primary decision. The first stage passed manu­scripts are sent to two or three re­view­ers. The whole re­view proc­ess depends on re­ceiv­ing referees' comments and revising the manu­scripts based on these comments to the author. On receipt of the re­vised article from the au­thor, and after fi­nal ap­proving by refe­rees, the letter of ac­cep­tance is issued to the author. Authors have the right to communicate to the editor if they do not wish their manu­script to be reviewed by a par­ticular reviewer be­cause of potential con­flicts of inter­est. The author can also suggest the name of possible competent reviewers but it is up to the editor to accept it. No article is rejected unless nega­tive comments are re­ceived from at least two re­viewers. To assist the speed of peer review process, authors are requested to introduce four well-known experts with their contact details, but the Editor-in-Chief would be emancipated finally. The revised version of the manuscript should be included with reply to referees’ comments separately article to article. In addition, the changes should be marked as underlined or colored text in the article.

Copyright information. When papers are provisionally accepted, the corresponding author will be asked to return a signed letter to WJPS (including signatures of all co-authors) or email to dramanafi@wjps.ir or info@wjps.ir stating that all authors have seen and approved the paper and that the work has not been, and will not be, published elsewhere. Papers will not be published until the Editorial Office has received this faxed letter. It is a condition of publication in the Journal that authors assign copyright to The WJPS. This ensures that requests from third parties to reproduce articles are handled efficiently and consistently and will also allow the article to be as widely disseminated as possible. In assigning copyright authors may use their own material in other publications provided that the  WJPS is acknowledged as the original place of publication and WJPS is notified in writing and in advance.

Permissions information. If illustrations or figures are to be duplicated from previously published work, written permission must be obtained both from the publisher and the author, and a credit line giving the source added to the relevant Figure Legend. If text material (250 to 300 words) is to be reproduced from published sources, written permission is required from both publisher and author. For shorter quotations, it is sufficient to add a bibliographic credit. The Letters containing the permission for the reproduction of either text or illustrations must accompany the manuscript. If you have been unable to obtain permission, please indicate this.

Proofs. Page proofs will be sent to the corresponding author for checking the production after acceptance of the article. Please also provide an e-mail address to enable page proofs to be sent via e-mail if not sent on line. These should be checked thoroughly for any possible changes or typographic errors. It is the intention of the Editor to review, correct and publish your article as quickly possible. To achieve this it is important that all of your corrections are returned to us in one all-inclusive mail. Subsequent additional corrections will not be possible, so please ensure that your first communication is complete. If for any reason, after 2 days, the journal does not receive any reply, we consider the manuscript approved, and no changes will be acceptable after that. We request that authors pay particular attention to author's names and affiliations as it is essential that these details are accurate when the article is published. In this step, the authors absolutely, cannot add any authors or large sentences to the article, besides; they are not allowed to change the corresponding author.

Online access and offprints. Details of free online access are available for the corresponding author, who may then circulate them to co-authors. If the offprints is required, a completed offprint order form must be returned with the proofs.

Copyright: Accepted manuscripts become the perma­nent prop­erty of the WJPS and may not be repro­duced, in whole or in part, with­out the writ­ten per-mis­sion of the Editor.

Page charges: There are no charges for publica­tion in WJPS.

Disposal of material: Once published, all copies of the manuscript, correspondence and artwork will be held for 6 months before dis­posal.The sole responsibility for the whole con­tents of the paper (views and statements) remains only to the author(s).

Address. WORLD JOURNAL OF PLASTIC SURGERY, No. 305, 3rd Floor, Samsung Building, Northeasthern Vanak Square, Vali Asr Ave.,Tehran, Iran. TelFax: 0098-21-88797882 E-mail: dramanafi@yahoo.comdramanafi@wjps.ir, URL: www.wjps.ir, www.worldjps.com 





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