Volume 10, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   WJPS 2021, 10(1): 8-14 | Back to browse issues page


XML Print


Oral and maxillofacial diseases re-search center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
Abstract:   (505 Views)
BACKGROUND
We aimed to detect the changes in nasalance, articulation errors, and speech intelligibility after bimaxillary orthognathic surgery in skeletal class III pa-tients.
METHODS
This double-blinded before and after quasi-experimental study was conducted in the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Qaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran from Mar 2019 to Apr 2020. The main intervention was maxillary advance-ment with LeFort I osteotomy and mandibular setback surgery with bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO). The nasalance score, speech intelligibility, and articulation errors were evaluated one week preoperatively (T0), 1 and 6 months (T1, T2) postoperatively by a speech therapist. The significance level was set at 0.05 using SPSS 21.
RESULTS
Eleven women (55%) and 9 men (45%) with a mean age of 31.95 ± 4.72 yr were enrolled. The mean maxillomandibular discrepancy was 6.15 ± 1.53 mm. The mean scores of nasalance for the oral, nasal, and oral-nasal sentences were significantly improved postoperatively (P<0.001). Pre-operative articulation errors of consonants /r/, /z/, /s/ and /sh/ were corrected following the surgery. The percentage of speech intelligibility was significantly increased over time (P<0.001).
CONCLUSION
The patients might show a normal articulation pattern and a modified nasalance feature, following maxillary advancement plus mandibular setback surgery.
Full-Text [PDF 470 kb]   (238 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Applicable | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/01/15 | Accepted: 2021/01/4 | Published: 2021/02/22