Volume 6, Issue 1 (2017)                   WJPS 2017, 6(1): 68-73 | Back to browse issues page

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Jalini L, Lund J, Kurup V. Nipple Reconstruction Using the C-V Flap Technique: Long-Term Outcomes and Patient Satisfaction. WJPS 2017; 6 (1) :68-73
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-228-en.html
1- North Tees and Hartlepool University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom , lonajalini@aol.com
2- North Tees and Hartlepool University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom
3- Breast and Endocrine Surgeon, North Tees and Hartlepool University Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom
Abstract:   (4994 Views)

BACKGROUND

Nipple creation using the C-V flap technique is often the final step in breast reconstruction. The aim of this study was to subjectively and objectively assess the cosmetic outcomes and satisfaction of patients undergoing C-V flap nipple reconstruction.

METHODS

Subjective assessments of patient satisfaction with the neo-nipple were recorded by visual analogue scoring (VAS; 0-10). Objective measurements were performed using a calliper to measure nipple projection relative to the native breast. Descriptive data analysis was performed with differences in projection assessed with the Mann-Whitney test and mean and median VAS scores (with inter-quartile ranges; IQR) calculated to describe satisfaction.

RESULTS

Thirty-three C-V flap nipple reconstructions were performed. 87.9% received latissimus dorsi (LD) reconstructions with implants and 12.1% had transverse rectus abdominis muscle (TRAM) reconstructions. The median projection of reconstructed nipples was 4.7 mm (range 4-10.2 mm) at 4.6 years mean follow-up, which was not significantly different from the contralateral nipple (p = 0.34). Patient satisfaction was 9 (IQR: 8-10) with shape, 9 (IQR: 7.5-10) with projection, 5 (IQR: 2-9.6) with sensation, and 8.5 (IQR: 6-9.5) with symmetry. Median overall satisfaction was 9 (IQR: 8-10). Three patients had complete nipple loss, of whom two had undergone nipple piercing post procedure and none had received radiotherapy.

CONCLUSION

C-V flap nipple reconstructions provide a simple and reliable method to reconstruct the nipple that enhances confidence and perception of body image. Satisfaction was high with long-term outcomes in terms of projection equivalent to the contralateral breast. 

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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
ePublished: 2016/12/22

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