Volume 10, Issue 1 (1-2021)                   WJPS 2021, 10(1): 15-21 | Back to browse issues page

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Saaiq M. Supraclavicular Artery Flap versus Skin Graft: Which Is a Better Reconstructive Tool for Managing Post-Burn Contractures in the Neck. WJPS. 2021; 10 (1) :15-21
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-540-en.html
Assistant Professor and Chairman, Department of Plastic surgery and Burns, National Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine (NIRM), Street No.9, G-8/2, Islamabad 44000, Pakistan. Phone No. +923355411583 , muhammadsaaiq5@gmail.com
Abstract:   (1307 Views)
Burn in developing countries still has high burden of inadequately managed severe burns. This study compared supraclavicular artery flap and skin graft in managing neck post-burn contractures.
In National Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine and Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan, 30 patients with neck post-burn contractures were enrolled. Half of patients randomly underwent supraclavicular artery flap and half received skin graft. The outcome measures including initial improvement in neck extension, patient’s satisfaction with color-texture-match and recurrent contracture formation rate were assessed.
Among patients, 80% were female and 20% were male. Preoperatively, each group had post-burn contractures of grade II among 26.66% of patients, grade III among 60% and grade III among 13.3%. Postoperatively after three months in the two groups, 86.66% improved to grade I and 13.3% improved to grade II. Patient’s satisfaction with color-texture was 84.66% in supraclavicular artery flap group, whereas it was 42.66% for skin graft group. Complications were hypertrophic scar at donor site (13%) and flap tip necrosis (6.66%) in supraclavicular artery flap group. In skin graft group, partial skin graft loss was noticed among 33% of patients and delayed healing of donor site among 20%. The recurrent contracture formation rate at one year was 73.33% in skin graft group, whereas there was no case of recurrent contracture in supraclavicular artery flap group. 
Supraclavicular artery flap was superior to skin graft in managing post-burn neck contractures. It provided better color-texture match and was associated with no recurrence of contracture formation.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/08/29 | Accepted: 2020/05/21 | Published: 2021/02/22

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