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2. Department of Genetics, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord Branch, Shahrekord, Iran
Abstract:   (161 Views)
BACKGROUND
Surgical management of hair loss has become an increasingly challenging procedure, when dealing with scar alopecia. We investigated the efficacy of hair transplantation in patients with head and neck scar alopecia.
METHODS
From 2016 to 2018 in Shiraz, Iran, all patients with scar alopecia in head and neck were evaluated for efficacy of follicular unit extraction (FUE), follicular unit transplantation (FUT) or a combination of two methods from donor sites in scalp and beard various hair-grafts were compared.
RESULTS
Fifty-six patients were enrolled. Most of them were between 31 and 40 yr old (48.3%) and male (71.4%). Trauma, burn, surgical excision of adjacent skin, radiotherapy and leishmaniasis were the registered causes. Scars were visible in scalp (39.3%), beard (28.6%), eyebrow (21.4%), and moustache (10.7%) regions. FUE (87.5%), FUT (10.7%) and a combination (1.8%) were the used methods. One-hair-grafts were used in eyebrows (100%), moustache (100%), beard (88%) and scalp (7.9%), while 2-hair-grafts in beard (6%) and scalp (47.4%) and 3-haired grafts in beard (6%) and scalp (44.7%) transplantations.
CONCLUSION
In head and neck scar alopecia, hair transplantation was selected based on type and depth of scar. FUE was targeted when huge grafts were not needed, including beard, moustache, and eyebrow, while FIT was used when extensive scars were present in scalp. One-hair-grafts were mostly applied for eyebrow, moustache and beard, 2-hair- and 3-hair- grafts for beard and scalp transplantation. These findings can be added to the literature when FUE, FIT, or their combination are targeted in hair restoration of scar alopecia in head and neck.
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Type of Study: case report | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/08/18 | Accepted: 2021/07/6

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