Volume 11, Issue 2 (2022)                   WJPS 2022, 11(2): 144-149 | Back to browse issues page

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Eshghpour M, Attar A R S, Labafchi A, Shooshtari Z, Bahramijoo F, Samieirad S. Emergence from Anesthesia: A Comparison between Isolated Mandibular Setback and Bimaxillary Orthognathic Surgeries in Skeletal Class III Patients. WJPS 2022; 11 (2) :144-149
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-941-en.html
1- Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
2- Anesthesia Department, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
3- Student Research Committee, Faculty of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
4- Dental Research Center, Mashhad School of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
5- Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. , samieerads@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1011 Views)
Background: We aimed to compare the emergence from anesthesia between the isolated mandibular setback and bimaxillary orthognathic surgeries in Skeletal Class III Patients.
Methods: All healthy patients with skeletal class III deformity admitted to Mashhad Dental School, Mashhad, Iran from the years 2017 to 2018 were included in this study. They were candidates for either bimaxillary orthognathic surgery (Bimax surgery) through a combination of mandibular setback surgery plus maxillary advancement or isolated mandibular setback (Monomax surgery). The predictor variable was the type of jaw displacement and anesthesia duration, while the outcome variable was the duration of emergence from general anesthesia. The duration of emergence from anesthesia was calculated from the time the patient was transported to the recovery room until the time of safely discharging from the recovery room. For statistical analysis, the significance level was set at 0.05 using SPSS 21.
Results: A total of 81 consecutive patients, comprising 45 (55.6%) males and 36 (44.4%) females, with an average age of 23.15±4.58 years were recruited. Among the participating patients, 56 (69.1%) underwent bimaxillary surgery while the other 25 (30.9%) were treated with Monomax surgery. Regardless of the type of performed surgery, the duration of general anesthesia was the only factor to be significantly correlated to the length of emergence from anesthesia (P= 0.001). 
Conclusion: Increased exposure time to general anesthesia might result in a longer emergence from anesthesia, despite the type of performed orthognathic surgery. Further clinical trials are needed to support the relevancy.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
ePublished: 2022/07/30

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