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:: Volume 3, Issue 2 (7-2014) ::
wjps 2014, 3(2): 107-114 Back to browse issues page
Epidemiology and Outcome of Self-Inflicted Burns at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad
Muhammad Saaiq , Bushra Ashraf
Abstract:   (4523 Views)
BACKGROUND Self-inflicted burn injuries carry considerable mortality and morbidity among otherwise fit young individuals. This study assessed the epidemiologic pattern and outcome of these injuries in a burn care facility in Pakistan. METHODS The study was carried out at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences (PIMS) Burn Care Centre in Islamabad over a period of 2 years. It included all adult patients of either gender, aged over 14 years who presented as cases of burn suicides and attempted burn suicides during the study period. Convenience sampling technique was employed. The sociodemographic profile of the patients, motives underlying the act of self-immolation, any underlying psychiatric illness, alcohol abuse, total body surface area (TBSA) burnt, depth of burn injury, associated inhalation injury, duration of hospital stay, and mortality were all recorded. RESULTS Seventy five patients (80.64%) were female while 18 patients (19.35%) were male. The overall mean age was 26.89±6.1 years (range=15-52 years). The affected TBSA ranged from 15%-100% with an overall mean of 69.30±25.42%. The hospital stay ranged from 1-37 days with a mean of 7.16±6.60 days. Marital conflicts constituted the most frequent motive underlying the suicidal attempts (n=57 61.29%) followed by failed love affairs (n=9 9.67%). There was an overall mortality of 84.95%. The most common sufferers of self inflicted burn injuries were young, married, illiterate housewives who were resident of rural area. Getting marriage was the most common triggering cause for such injuries. CONCLUSION There is need to institute appropriate preventive measures to address the issue in a national perspective.
Keywords: Burn, Suicide, Burn, Injury, Pakistan
Full-Text [PDF 294 kb]   (1539 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2013/11/13 | Accepted: 2014/07/21 | Published: 2014/07/21
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Saaiq M, Ashraf B. Epidemiology and Outcome of Self-Inflicted Burns at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad. wjps. 2014; 3 (2) :107-114
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-94-en.html

Volume 3, Issue 2 (7-2014) Back to browse issues page
مجله جهانی جراحی پلاستیک World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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