Volume 12, Issue 1 (2023)                   WJPS 2023, 12(1): 43-57 | Back to browse issues page

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Eshghpour M, Samieirad S, Shooshtari Z, Shams A, Ghadirimoghaddam N. Three Different Fixation Modalities following Mandibular Setback Surgery with Sagittal Split Ramus Osteotomy: A Comparative Study using Three-dimensional Finite Elements Analysis. WJPS 2023; 12 (1) :43-57
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-1006-en.html
1- Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
2- Oral and Maxillofacial Diseases Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
3- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
4- Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Faculty of Dentistry, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran , Shamsa971@mums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (1357 Views)
Background: The provision of sufficient stability after maxillofacial surgery is essential for the reduction of complications and disease recurrence. The stabilization of osteotomized pieces results in rapid restoration of normal masticatory function, reduction of skeletal relapse, and uneventful healing at the osteotomy site. We aimed to compare qualitatively stress distribution patterns over a virtual mandible model after bilateral sagittal split osteotomy (BSSO) bridged with three different intraoral fixation techniques.
Methods: This study was conducted in the Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Mashhad School of Dentistry, Mashhad, Iran, from March 2021-March 2022.  The mandible computed tomography scan of a healthy adult was used to generate a 3D model; thereafter, BSSO with a 3mm setback was simulated. The three following fixation techniques were applied to the model: 1) two bicortical screws, 2) three bicortical screws, and 3) a miniplate. The bilateral second premolars and first molars were placed under mechanical loads of 75, 135, and 600N in order to simulate symmetric occlusal forces. Finite element analysis (FEA) was carried out in Ansys software, and the mechanical strain, stress, and displacement calculations were recorded.
Results: The FEA contours revealed that stress was mainly concentrated in the fixation units. Although bicortical screws presented better rigidity than miniplates, they were associated with higher stress and displacement readings.
Conclusion: Miniplate fixation demonstrated the most favorable biomechanical performance, followed by fixation with two and three bicortical screws, respectively. Intraoral fixation with miniplates in combination with monocortical screws can serve as an appropriate fixation arrangement and treatment option for skeletal stabilization after BSSO setback surgery.
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