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:: Volume 7, Issue 1 (1-2018) ::
wjps 2018, 7(1): 89-96 Back to browse issues page
Readability of Online Materials for Rhinoplasty
Pauline Joy Santos , David A Daar , Keyianoosh Paydar , Garrett A Wirth
Abstract:   (648 Views)

BACKGROUND  
Rhinoplasty is a popular aesthetic and reconstructive surgical procedure. However, little is known about the content and readability of online materials for patient education. The recommended grade level for educational materials is 7th to 8th grade according to the National Institutes of Health (NIH). This study aims to assess the readability of online patient resources for rhinoplasty.
METHODS
The largest public search engine, Google, was queried using the term “rhinoplasty” on February 26, 2016. Location filters were disabled and sponsored results excluded to avoid any inadvertent search bias. The 10 most popular websites were identified and all relevant, patient-directed information within one click from the original site was downloaded and saved as plain text. Readability was analyzed using five established analyses (Readability-score.com, Added Bytes, Ltd., Sussex, UK).
RESULTS
Analysis of ten websites demonstrates an average grade level of at least 12th grade. No material was at the recommended 7th to 8th grade reading level (Flesch-Kincaid, 11.1; Gunning-Fog, 14.1; Coleman-Liau, 14.5; SMOG 10.4; Automated Readability, 10.7; Average Grade Level, 12.2). Overall Flesch-Kincaid Reading Ease Index was 43.5, which is rated as “difficult.” 
CONCLUSION
Online materials available for rhinoplasty exceed NIH-recommended reading levels, which may prevent appropriate decision-making in patients considering these types of surgery. Outcomes of this study identify that Plastic Surgeons should be cognizant of available online patient materials and make efforts to develop and provide more appropriate materials. Readability results can also contribute to marketing strategy and attracting a more widespread interest in the procedure. 

Keywords: Readability, Rhinoplasty, Patient, Education
Full-Text [PDF 1549 kb]   (246 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2016/12/10 | Accepted: 2018/01/26 | Published: 2018/01/26
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Santos P J, Daar D A, Paydar K, Wirth G A. Readability of Online Materials for Rhinoplasty. wjps. 2018; 7 (1) :89-96
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-304-en.html


Volume 7, Issue 1 (1-2018) Back to browse issues page
مجله جهانی جراحی پلاستیک World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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