Volume 7, Issue 3 (7-2018)                   wjps 2018, 7(3): 283-293 | Back to browse issues page

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Seifi M, Matini N, Motabar A, Motabar M. Dentoskeletal Stability in Conventional Orthognathic Surgery, Presurgical Orthodontic Treatment and Surgery-First Approach in Class-III Patients. wjps. 2018; 7 (3) :283-293
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-375-en.html
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Abstract:   (1115 Views)
For many years, the conventional approach to orthognathic surgery which was orthodontic treatment prior to orthognathic surgery has been the accepted method of treatment for skeletal class III malocclusion patients. This review compared the dentoskeletal stability of treatment results between conventional orthognathic surgery methods with presurgical orthodontic treatment and surgery-first approach in skeletal class III patients. The study protocol was based on Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement for systematic review and meta-analysis. Electronic and manual searches for literature since 2011 were conducted. PubMed and Medline databases were accessed. Data extraction and analysis were performed by two independent individuals. Seven studies out of hundred-fourteen articles met the inclusion criteria and were selected for qualitative analysis. The included studies were 494 patients with skeletal class-III malocclusion. Stability of treatment was compared between surgery-first approach and conventionally treated patients. The statistical analysis confirmed that surgery-first approach did not show more stability compared with presurgical orthodontics. The surgery-first approach shortened the overall treatment duration. However, more skeletal stability in conventional treatment was assessed. Both surgery-first approach and conventional treatment with presurgical orthodontics resulted in favorable skeletal changes in class-III malocclusion patients. Moreover, these findings should be discussed further due to the variety of study designs, outcomes and biases. Current evidence in this field still needs to be expanded. The authors wish to see more well-designed randomized controlled trials with long-term follow ups to confirm the results.
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Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2017/11/20 | Accepted: 2018/11/2 | Published: 2018/11/2

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