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:: Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2019) ::
wjps 2019, 8(3): 311-315 Back to browse issues page
Rippling Associated with Pre-Pectoral Implant Based Breast Reconstruction: A New Grading System
Raghavan Vidya , Fahad Mujtaba Iqbal, Hilton Becker, Olga Zhadan
Department of Oncoplastic Breast Surgery, New Cross Hospital, Wolverhampton, UK; Academic foundation Doctor, St. George’s Hospital, London, UK;
Abstract:   (239 Views)
BACKGROUND
The incidence of breast cancer and immediate breast reconstruction is on the rise particularly in the US and Western Europe. Over the last decade, implant based breast reconstructions have gained popularity. The prepectoral breast reconstruction has emerged as a novel technique, minimally invasive, preserves the chest wall anatomy while restoring body image. However, implant rippling appears to be an adverse effect associated with this technique. 
METHODS
We have described a new grading system for rippling following prepectoral implant breast reconstruction and discussed its management. We then evaluated the new grading system in our practice. 
RESULTS
We looked at the first 50 consecutive patients who underwent prepectoral implant based breast reconstruction. In our experience, 45 patients (90%) had grade 1, 3 patients (6%) had grade 2, 1 patient (2%) had grade 3 and 1 patient (2%) had grade 4 rippling. The observed rippling was seen more often in patients with low BMI<20 and in those who had poor subcutaneous fat preoperatively (pinch test<2 cm). 
CONCLUSION
Prepectoral implant based breast reconstruction adds a whole new dimension to breast reconstruction. However rippling can be an undesired adverse effect associated with this technique and patients need to be informed.
Keywords: Breast, Implant, Reconstruction, Complication, Rippling, Lipomodelling
Full-Text [PDF 804 kb]   (102 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Short Communication | Subject: Special
Received: 2019/01/2 | Accepted: 2019/09/12 | Published: 2019/09/13
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Vidya R, Iqbal F M, Becker H, Zhadan O. Rippling Associated with Pre-Pectoral Implant Based Breast Reconstruction: A New Grading System. wjps. 2019; 8 (3) :311-315
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-466-en.html


Volume 8, Issue 3 (9-2019) Back to browse issues page
مجله جهانی جراحی پلاستیک World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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