Volume 9, Issue 2 (4-2020)                   wjps 2020, 9(2): 186-193 | Back to browse issues page


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Kasmaei P, Farhadi Hassankiade R, Karimy M, Kazemi S, Morsali F, Nasollahzadeh S. Role of Attitude, Body Image, Satisfaction and Socio-Demographic Variables in Cosmetic Surgeries of Iranian Students. wjps. 2020; 9 (2) :186-193
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-565-en.html
Department of Health Education, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (813 Views)
BACKGROUND
Nowadays, cosmetic surgery is one of the most common types of surgeries all around the world including Iran and those demanding such surgeries are also growing in number. The present study is an attempt to determine the factors in the tendency towards cosmetic surgery in Iranian students. 
METHODS
In a descriptive-analytical study, all students at Guilan University of Medical Sciences related to health issues were enrolled. The participants (n=314) were selected through census sampling. Data was garnered using a multi-section questionnaire including socio-demographic variables, body image, body satisfaction, and cosmetic surgery intention. The questionnaires were completed as self-statement.
RESULTS
The age range of the students was 18-55 years and the mean age was 25.07±7.41 years. Body mass index (BMI) of the participants was 23±3.82. Among socio-demographic variables, BMI, gender, family revenue, father’s job, marital status, mother’s job, and fathers’ literacy level were the predictors of intention for cosmetic surgery. In addition, among psychological variables, body satisfaction and image, and attitudes were predictors of intention for cosmetic surgery. 
CONCLUSION
Educational and psychological interventions are recommended to create body satisfaction, to develop positive attitudes toward one’s body, and to develop negative attitudes toward cosmetic surgery and the side effects. Apparently, providing an environment for physical activity and exercise, especially for girls would help the students in losing weight, remaining in shape and attenuating the tendency toward cosmetic surgery. 
Full-Text [PDF 353 kb]   (211 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: General
Received: 2019/11/15 | Accepted: 2020/04/13 | Published: 2020/04/13

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