Volume 10, Issue 2 (2-2021)                   WJPS 2021, 10(2): 25-32 | Back to browse issues page

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Eskandarlou M, Taghipour M. Outcome of Comparison between Partial Thickness Skin Graft Harvesting from Scalp and Lower Limb for Scalp Defect: A Clinical Trial Study. WJPS. 2021; 10 (2) :25-32
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-792-en.html
Department of General Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Hamadan University of Medical Science, Hamadan, Iran.
Abstract:   (679 Views)
BACKGROUND: Partial-thickness skin graft is the cornerstone for scalp defect repair. Routine donor sites include abdomen, thighs and buttocks.  Given the potential side effects following harvesting from these sites and the potential advantages of harvesting from scalp (broad surface, rapid healing and better cosmetics results) this study is trying to compare the outcomes of graft harvesting from scalp and lower limb.
METHODS: This clinical trial is conducted among a sample number of 40 partial thickness graft candidates (20 case and 20 control group) with scalp defect presenting to plastic surgery clinic at Besat hospital during the time period between 2018 and 2019. Sampling was done by simple randomization using random digit table. Data gathering was performed using a designated checklist. The donor site in case group and control group was scalp and lower limb respectively. The resultant data was analyzed using chi-squared and t-test and SPPS version 21 (SPSS Statistics for Windows, Version 21.0. Armonk, NY: IBM Corp).
RESULTS: Of the total 40 patients participating in this study 28 patients (70%) were male and 12 (30%) were female with and mean age of 63.62±09.73 years. Hypertension and diabetes mellitus were the most common comorbidities among the patients with basal cell carcinoma (BCC) and trauma being the most common etiology for the defects. There was a statistically meaningful relationship between two groups regarding the etiology of defect (P=0.02). The most common anatomic location of defect for case and control groups was temporal and parietal respectively. Most of the defects were deep to Galea zone. The mean diameter of defect was 24.28±45.37 mm for all of the patients. The difference between diameter of defect in both groups were statistically meaningful while no such difference between graft diameter was seen. The graft “Take” was completely successful in both groups according to evaluations. The level of postoperative pain was lower in the case group compared to the control according to VAS scale and the satisfaction was higher in them per Likert scale.
CONCLUSION: Scalp can safely be used as donor site for skin graft to be used for scalp defects which is associated with better results and lower complication rates compared to other donor sites.
Full-Text [PDF 708 kb]   (273 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/06/16 | Accepted: 2021/02/22 | Published: 2021/06/25

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