Volume 10, Issue 3 (7-2021)                   WJPS 2021, 10(3): 25-33 | Back to browse issues page


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Zeynalzadeh F, Shooshtari Z, Eshghpour M, Hosein Hoseini Zarch S, Tohidi E, Samieirad S. Dal Pont vs Hunsuck: Which Technique Can Lead to a Lower Incidence of Bad Split during Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy? A Triple-blind Randomized Clinical Trial. WJPS. 2021; 10 (3) :25-33
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-855-en.html
Dental Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.
Abstract:   (291 Views)
BACKGROUND
We aimed to assess the incidence of bad split fractures during Bilateral Sagittal Split Osteotomy (BSSO) mandibular setback surgery using Dal Pont and Hunsuck techniques.
METHODS
All healthy adults with skeletal class III discrepancy, who were candidates for mandibular setback surgery were enrolled in this randomized clinical trial in the Maxillofacial Surgery Department of Qaem Hospital, Mashhad, Iran; from 2018-2020. These patients were randomly divided into two equal groups; one group underwent BSSO using Dal Pont osteotomy while the Hunsuck osteotomy was employed for the other group. A bad split fracture which identified through intra-operative clinical and postoperative radiographic examination was the outcome variable. The significance level was set at 0.05 using SPSS 16.
RESULTS
Overall, 104 consecutive patients, comprising of 52 (50%) males with an average age of 23.09±3.08 were recruited. The average duration of osteotomy and splitting was reported to be 22.74±3.06 min. 10 bad split fractures (9.62%) were observed; 7 of which occurred in the Dal Pont group and 3 in the Hunsuck group. However, this difference was not significant. In 80% of the cases, bad split osteotomy occurred in the proximal segment, while this finding was identified in the distal segment in 20% of cases. The average duration of osteotomy and splitting was significantly longer in the Dal Pont group (P<0.001).
CONCLUSION
The duration of osteotomy and splitting is much shorter when the Hunsuck technique is employed, and the incidence of unfavorable fractures is also less compared to the Dal Pont osteotomy technique.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2021/10/22 | Accepted: 2021/07/6 | Published: 2021/10/23

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