Volume 11, Issue 1 (3-2022)                   WJPS 2022, 11(1): 73-80 | Back to browse issues page


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Ramandi S D, Irandoust K, Hashempour R, Talebianpour H, Yahyavi Dizaj J, Moghimi F et al . Inequality in Cosmetic Services and Surgery among Iranian Households in 2019: A Decomposition Analysis. WJPS. 2022; 11 (1) :73-80
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-890-en.html
5- Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran.
Abstract:   (953 Views)
Background
The demand for cosmetic surgery is on the rise worldwide, making it the common form of surgery globally while the use of cosmetic surgery being exponentially high in Iran. The aim of this study was to investigate inequality in the use of cosmetic services and surgery (CSS) among Iranian households concerning demographic and socio-economic characteristics.
 
Methods
This study used data of 38960 Iranian household from the income-expenditure survey of the statistical center of Iran (SCI) in 2019. Concentration index (C) was used to measure inequalities in the use of CSS. Microsoft Excel sheet 2019 was used to extract the data, and the analysis was performed using Stata statistical package version 14.2.
Results
Households with female head, with single head, households with 3 - 4 people, headed with undergraduate education person, households with insurance coverage, with higher socio-economic quintiles, rural households and residents of northwestern Iran were accounted for the highest use of CSS. Also, according to the decomposition analysis, wealth and education level are the two main factors in creating inequality, with wealth,  having the highest positive share (88.11%) and education level having the most negative share (-5.26%) in creating measured inequality.
Conclusion
The use of CSS is more concentrated in well-off households in Iran. As the resources of health system are limited, the government and the policy makers should have defined plans with regards to CSS use especially taking factors like socioeconomic status and education status of target groups in to account.
Full-Text [PDF 310 kb]   (600 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/02/3 | Accepted: 2021/10/26 | Published: 2022/03/4

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