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Department of Plastic Surgery, MS Ramaiah medical college, Bengaluru, India
Abstract:   (268 Views)
Conventional technique of flap inset in buccal mucosa reconstruction is by direct suturing of cutaneous margin of Pectoralis Major Myocutaneous (PMMC) flap to hard and soft palate mucosa and margin of floor of mouth with simple interrupted sutures. We have done a prospective study of the efficacy of anchoring the upper margin of PMMC flap to the hard palate by a modified method in reconstruction of buccal mucosa defects following tumour excision. This is to prevent disruption of suture line from the mucoperiosteum of hard palate and resultant oro-cutaneous fistula.
This hospital-based prospective study was carried out in the Department of Plastic Surgery at Bangalore, India for a period of 18 months (2015–2017). Patients (N=48) with buccal mucosa defects requiring reconstruction with PMMC flap either with conventional (n=24) or modified method (n=24) following tumour excision were included. Clinico-demographic profile of the patients including age, gender, size of defect, staging of illness, site and type of reconstruction, disruption of suture margin in the hard palate, development of oro-cutaneous fistula (OCF), day of starting oral feeds, removal of Ryle’s tube and post-operative average length of stay in the hospital were recorded.
Disruption of suture line in hard palate and Oro-cutaneous fistula were statistically significant in study group in both the variables (P-0.033, P-0.033). The median days on which patients were started with oral clear liquids and removal of Ryle’s tube were also statistically significant between study and control groups. Post-operative average length of hospital stay which is the outcome of favourable results in the study group was found to be statistically significant (P-0.021) between the groups.
Overall, modified technique of anchorage of PMMC flap can be considered as a reliable technique in buccal mucosa reconstruction because of its stability, lower complication rates and shorter length of hospital stay.
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Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/04/7 | Accepted: 2022/07/19

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