Volume 11, Issue 3 (8-2022)                   WJPS 2022, 11(3): 3-12 | Back to browse issues page

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Garcia J A G, Chavez A M G, Grados J D J O. Topical Antimicrobial Agents for the Prevention of Burn-Wound Infection. What Do International Guidelines Recommend? A Systematic Review. WJPS 2022; 11 (3) :3-12
URL: http://wjps.ir/article-1-988-en.html
1- Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Social and Behavioral Sciences, Boston, U.S.A.
2- Hospital Español de Mexico. Mexico City, Mexico.
3- Hospital Angeles Queretaro. Queretaro, Mexico.
Abstract:   (384 Views)
Background:  Choosing adequate topical antimicrobial agents in burn patients still represents a challenge. Therefore, this systematic review was conducted to compile and evaluate current recommendations in international clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) to develop more consistent clinical guidance.
Methods:  A systematic search for CPGs was conducted independently by two reviewers using PubMed, EMBASE, Google Scholar, and external citations. The quality of the selected CPGs was evaluated separately using the AGREE II instrument, and intraclass correlation coefficients were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using R V 1.4.1 statistical software.
Results: Eleven CPGs were included in the study. Most guidelines tend to recommend silver-containing dressings over antiseptics or antibiotics, regardless of the depth of the burn. Silver sulfadiazine is the most recommended topical antimicrobial in low-resource settings. An overall mean appraisal AGREE II score of 68.2% was obtained. The global intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.62 (95% confidence intervals 0.54-0.69), which corresponds to a substantial global concordance between both appraisers.
Conclusions:  Great heterogeneity was found between recommendations and CPGs. The three determining factors considered to issue a recommendation were the clinical scenario, burn-wound depth, and burn severity. There is consensus among the guidelines to use topical antimicrobials as a tool to prevent infection, and most of these recommend the use of silver-containing dressings for most scenarios. However, there is currently no ideal topical antimicrobial agent that can be recommended for all clinical scenarios. The development of more consistent recommendations is warranted to standardize clinical practice.
Keywords: Burn, Infection, Prevention, Antimicrobials, Topical
Supplementary file
Full-Text [PDF 530 kb]   (173 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2022/11/17 | Accepted: 2022/08/6 | Published: 2022/12/12

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