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The Clinical Outcome of Perforator Based Sural Artery and Propeller Flaps in Reconstruction of Soft Tissue of Extremities
Subha Dhua , Sankhe Manashree , Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Associate Professor
Abstract:   (22 Views)
BACKGROUND
The reconstructive options for the soft tissues in extremities present serious challenges due to thin non-expendable soft tissues and predisposition to massive edema formation, thus frequently requiring flap cover. This study was undertaken to assess the outcome of a modified version of the sural artery flap with that of propeller perforator flaps for the reconstruction of lower extremities, particularly the heel defects. 
METHODS
This prospective study was conducted on 40 consecutive patients, of which 20 treated with sural artery flap and another 20 with perforator based propeller flap cover for soft tissue reconstruction in extremities based on predefined inclusion criteria. The clinical outcome of the flap was assessed after three months.
RESULTS
Inclusion of the posterior tibial perforators (along with the sural artery and the peroneal artery) was shown to enhance the flap territory. The raising of the flap was quick with minimal blood loss and the modified flap had a wide arc of rotation for reconstruction of the heel defects. The younger patients regained sensation on the flap earlier, while the durability of the fasciocutaneous flap was excellent in the heel weight bearing areas. The success rate was 95% flap take. 
CONCLUSION
Careful selection of the perforator and optimal designing of the flap result in favorable outcomes with the use of local perforator flaps for reconstruction in extremities. It provides predictable clinical outcomes with minimal donor site morbidity, is cost-effective, relatively easy technique and requires no special microsurgical setup or instruments. 
Keywords: Propeller flap, Subcutaneous pedicled propeller flap, Perforator pedicled propeller flap
Full-Text [PDF 1404 kb]   (8 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Original Article | Subject: Special
Received: 2018/09/26
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مجله جهانی جراحی پلاستیک World Journal of Plastic Surgery
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